The Euro: Consequences for the Consumer and the Citizen

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However, he has affirmed that the UK will leave the European Union "come what may" on the agreed date. With no solution in sight, it seems almost inevitable that the UK will exit without a deal. So much of modern British life -- from airport management to cheese production -- is tangled up in European legislation that the sudden severing of ties, now scheduled for October 31 after EU leaders agreed a six-month extension, will have huge implications.

Britons must pay €7 to visit mainland Europe after Brexit

Those traveling to and from the UK can expect significant disruption, according to travel industry experts. Particularly if the new restrictions are implemented immediately. Aviation, currency, insurance, mobile phone roaming and passport control are all likely to be affected. Jenkins says that a no-deal scenario could cause growing queues at passport control, with the European Union intending to treat UK passengers as those from a "third country" rather than those enjoying full EU rights under freedom of movement.

It will be a spectacular introduction to the red tape of Brexit. These air travelers were delayed by flight cancellations. Brexit could create more problems for fliers. While some, including Dunne, say airfares could rise in the event of no-deal, air travel itself is expected to continue between the UK and EU even if an agreement isn't struck. The European Union issued guidance in December saying it intended to allow flights from the UK into its airspace.

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However, it was quick to clarify that this would only extend to "basic connectivity. In an attempt to preempt post-Brexit confusion, budget airline Ryanair, one of Europe's largest carriers, is among several that have set up UK-based subsidiaries to get separate UK certification needed if Britain crashes out. The UK government has said it is studying the EU's proposals, but that consumers could still book flights after October 31 in the event of no deal, " And what about passports?

Will British citizens, whose burgundy passports are currently emblazoned with the words "European Union," still have valid travel documents after October 31? Assurances have been made by the EU's legislative body that visas will not be required, at least initially. This will last three years and ensure smooth entry at EU borders and airports, similar to the current ESTA scheme many tourists use to travel to the United States. The UK government is also advising citizens to ensure they have at least six months' validity left on their passport when entering the EU, up from the current day limit.

The euro has risen above 90 pence for the first time this year. Is that bad?

However, the UK has yet to finalize its post-Brexit immigration strategy, adding further confusion. What about insurance and medical emergencies? UK travelers are also likely to face major changes when it comes to insuring themselves while traveling within the EU. ABTA, meanwhile, is advising UK travelers to check existing policies to see if they have emergency cover, as this will be required to cover costs if medical attention is needed and the UK and EU have not secured an agreement.

Those driving to the EU from the UK via the Channel Tunnel and major ports in southeast England will benefit from the fact that train and ferry travel are protected by EU rail regulations and international maritime law respectively. However, drivers may need to get a special license in order to be fully compliant when on the EU's roads. The European Central Bank faces a new challenge, the euro appreciation.

What at first glance seems a good sign, the economy recovers from the post-crisis malaise that has been subjected to during the last years, it is also a difficult defiance. The European unit currency strengthening can change the course of the current economic scenario. How does the European bank confront this situation?

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With it we make exchanges, buy goods, carry out transactions, accumulate wealth and also incur debts. It has cancelling power and represents our purchasing power. The euro not only reflects our national economy state, it sets the course of macroeconomic policies. Its vitality is a recovery symbol, also the sign of the beginning of a change. The finance future will depend, to a large extent, on how its growth is managed.

Before analyzing the consequences that the euro robustness can bring, it is convenient to review how we have got to this situation and what is the point at where we are. At the present time, our euro reaches the highest level against the dollar since The past ECB press conference of President Mario Draghi, where prudence reigned, only served to underpin the euro rise and even serve it as a catalyst.

But, what are the main reasons that have led to the currency appreciation? Calm comes after the storm. The accommodative monetary policy has marked the European agenda in recent years. Its results are tangible now, with the first symptoms of recovery. In the second quarter of , the real eurozone GDP grew 0. The projections point to a broad and sustained growth in the future.

Low expectations on a tax drop, the Hurricane Harvey consequences on the rising oil prices, the lack of support to renegotiate the US debt ceiling, Irma's arrival in Florida, the escalating geopolitical tension with North Korea.

The Euro: Consequences for the Consumer and the Citizen

The dollar is not at its best. In turn, Brexit and the pound depreciation continue forming an unbreakable binomial. The uncertainty about the UK departure from the European Union and the weakness of the Theresa May government have led to this currency deterioration. France has experienced the largest economic growth period since In Spain, the economy recovers and, since , it grows to a faster pace. These good results also contribute to the euro appreciation.

It is not easy to give up the economic policies used until now in the eurozone. Prudence prevails. It is not surprising, because we enter into an unexplored territory. In crisis times, central banks decided to adopt exceptional measures, like providing liquidity to banks, lowering interest rates, buying assets and public debt, Nowadays, the time has come to abandon these extraordinary rules in Europe.

Although the economic recovery in the euro area has never been as strong as it is now, leaving these regulations behind implies some dangers. Perhaps that is why the European Central Bank has postponed the announcement of the economic stimulus withdrawal, known as tapering or the QE progressive retreat, for next October.

There is no reason to fully step on the brake.

The Italian economist does not want to show the cards of the strategy that will be adopted when containing the euro growth.